Prevalence of chronic kidney disease amongst motor park workers in Yenagoa metropolis: World Kidney day 2023
Keywords:Chronic Kidney Disease, South Nigeria
Chronic Kidney Disease have been observed to be of increasing prevalence worldwide and its associated escalating cost of care and overall impact on health can be daunting especially in low- and middle-income earning populations in Sub Saharan Africa. Risk factors for this condition should be sorted out for in these populations.
This study was done to obtain the prevalence of CKD and the associated risk factors among motor park workers in Yenagoa metropolis, South – South Nigeria.
One hundred and forty-four (144) subjects; motor park workers aged 18 years and above were recruited for the study via simple random sampling. History was obtained via interviewer – administered structured questionnaire, then subjects were evaluated for anthropometry, urinalysis, random blood glucose and serum creatinine. The outcome was analyzed via descriptive statistics using version 25.0 of statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software. Ethical consent was obtained from Ethical board, Federal Medical Centre Yenagoa.
The study consisted of 102 males and 42 females. The mean age of the subjects was 45.1±12.4 years. The prevalence of CKD in the study was 11.1%. The prevalence of CKD was statistically significant across various age group. Though the most prevalent risk factor of CKD in this study was the use of herbal medications and obesity but the use of herbal medications and hypertension were the most associated risk factor for the development of CKD. Others identified risk factors include cigarette smoking and diabetes.
The study showed a high prevalence of CKD among motor park workers and use of herbal remedies and hypertension
to be the most associated risk factor for the development of the disease in this study group. There is a need for health education to reduce the impact of CKD in this index as well as similar professions.